Hawthorn Presbyterian Church

Preaching the Cross

[first published in the monthly congregational “Notes” for June, 2019.]

When the Apostle Paul reminisced about his first visit to Corinth, he summed it this way, “For I determined not to know anything among you except Jesus Christ and Him crucified” (1 Cor 2:2). Of course, that did not mean that when he spoke he only ever gave the same one talk or series of talks over and over again. The Bible itself contains more than the events of the cross for us to know. Nor did it mean that he ignored the resurrection, as if somehow believing in that great event was not essential (though amazingly one does hear of people who call themselves Christians who don’t believe it). And he certainly would not have omitted the extra-ordinary events of Pentecost and the implications of that amazing day for the whole Church for all the time that the Lord Jesus was away before his return. We can read in his letters that Paul spoke of many things regarding the Church, and even his two Corinthian letters show that he taught much more than what happened in Jerusalem those years earlier.

Someone may think that Paul was simply exaggerating for emphasis as well trained rhetoricians of his day would do. Well, no doubt there is a degree of truth to that idea because the cross is foundational to the Christian message and Paul would have given it the emphasis it deserved. But there is another, related sense, that Paul meant to convey as well. That is, that all of the wonderful truths of the Old Testament, and anything he had taught them about Jesus would never be of any profit to them or to anyone else, if the events of the cross had not occurred.

The cross is the key that unlocks for us the whole message of the Bible (not just the New Testament) and gives us hope. This is because it deals with the great issue of the Justice of God. Sin must be punished; it cannot be glossed over as a minor irritation or merely a weakness. Justice commits God always to do what is right, so unless the Justice of God is settled completely and for eternity, there can be no righteous (i.e. just) exercise of God’s love, grace, mercy, or the restraint of His wrath!

Sin turns us into debtors, incurring a debt we cannot pay, either now or throughout eternity. Sin establishes us as enemies of God incapable of doing anything ourselves (or even wanting to do anything ourselves) that would effect our reconciliation to Him. And sin makes us criminals; lawbreakers who rather break the law of God than suffer our wills to be inconvenienced or go without. So now, unless there is some way in which our status as debtors, enemies and criminals can be justly dealt with, and permanently, God’s love can never rest on us, grace will only be a dream and mercy will at best only ever be a temporary stay of the wrath to come.

This is why it is important to note that the Bible tells us that the cross was part of the Divine purpose from before the foundation of the world (1 Pet 1:20, Rev 13:8). God knew that Adam and Eve would sin at Satan’s deception thus adding to Satan’s guilt. (Note that this does not excuse Adam in any way!) But He also knew that through the Incarnation of His Son, sin would be justly dealt with at the cross. This knowledge allowed grace to be shown to Adam and Eve, and to all who seek His mercy. It also proves that all God’s attributes (e.g. justice, wrath, love, grace, mercy etc.) can co-exist without compromise to any. Thus when Satan receives his final judgment, he cannot “demand” that grace and mercy be shown to him for God to prove His character.

We may say then, that because of the Cross you can have a just salvation and Satan can have no argument against the justice of his condemnation

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