Hawthorn Presbyterian Church

“Do Not Sin Against the Child”

First published in the monthly congregational “Notes” , May 2015.

In 1877, Charles Spurgeon used the account of Joseph and his brothers as the basis for an address to his Sunday School teachers. Using Reuben’s words in Gen 42:22, “Did I not say, ‘Do not Sin Against the child’?” Spurgeon expanded the words and sought to illustrate how such sin might happen in other situations. His gospel focus is equally relevant for all of us in our day, and not just for Sunday School teachers! What follows is a précis of his address. The full text is available on request.

I speak to every parent, elder brother or sister, schoolmaster, employer, man and woman, whether they have families or not, “Do not sin against the child whether your own child, or anybody’s child, nor against the poor waif of the street whom they call “nobody’s child.” According to the story of Joseph, there are three ways of sinning against the child. The first is described by the brothers’ initial thought to kill Joseph. We may not kill physically, but there is such a thing as “Spiritual” killing.” Do not train him in dishonesty, lying, vice or drunkenness. No one does so deliberately, but many sons are ruined by the bad example of their fathers. The same evil may be committed by indoctrinating children with evil teaching.

There is a second way of sinning against the child. Ruben wanted to leave Joseph in the pit and then go back later to rescue him. This is like the common notion that leaves children alone and unconverted, thinking that it would be better to rescue them later by seeking their conversion when they are adults This should never be charged against us. Our great aim must be that our children are brought to Christ, and parents should seek this with all their hearts! “Why leave your Joseph in the pit?” Those who brought their children into this world of punishment should not be content to leave them there.

The third way of sinning against the child is to sell him to the “Midianite traders” of this world. A good schooling is no reason to give up on Sunday School or parental instruction. Excellence in geography will not get anyone to heaven, and arithmetic cannot remove their many sins. Instead, the more our children learn, the more they will need to learn of the fear of the Lord! We must not sell our children to worldly interests by encouraging them to care more about employment, reputation or the prospect of a good marriage than godliness.

Sometimes a child is sinned against by being disliked. The excuse for undue harshness and severity is, “He is such a strange child!” Do not put down what heavenly thoughts God may be putting in the soul. If they grow up to be distinguished servants of the Lord, your conscience will prick you, when you see what God has done in spite of your neglect. On the other hand, if your child should become an Absalom through your poor example or neglect, it will he a horrible thing to cry, “I slew my child! and when I did it, I knew better, but I disregarded the voice which said to me, ‘Do not sin against the child.’” Others are sinned against by excessive praise which leads only to conceit and vanity. Spoiled children are like spoiled fruit: the less we see of them the better! Do not water your young plants either with vinegar or with syrup. Do not rebuke too much or too little. Seek wisdom of the Lord, and keep the middle of the way.

Do not pick up every little thing against a good child, and throw it at back at them with the accusation “You would not do this if you were a Christian!” I am sure that you who are heads of families still do wrong yourselves, and if your father in heaven were to be as severe with you as you are with the sincere little ones when you are in a bad mood, I am afraid it would go, very hard with you. Be gentle, and kind, and tender, and loving….

This is surely wise counsel. May God give us grace to be worthy of our children.

Living the Fruits of the Resurrection

[First published in the monthly congregational “Notes” April, 2015]

From time to time, we still read of people who think that the resurrection is somehow incidental to the message of Jesus, as if it can quietly be dismissed for the 21st century as an unnecessary, and even “unscientific,” addition to the “real” message of Jesus. Nothing could be further from the truth! The entire Christian Gospel is built upon the reality of the resurrection of Jesus. Without it, every hope collapses into vain and wishful thinking, but with it every promise of God to mankind is confirmed. In the minds of many, the cross is the recognisable Christian symbol, but let it be an empty cross! Why? Because the empty cross points to the tomb, and the tomb also is empty! And, the empty tomb proves the cross’ power!

Without a resurrection, Jesus is still dead, still suffering some of or all (and who could ever know for sure?) the due penalty for sin, which is death. A Jesus who did not rise from the dead is therefore no saviour at all. At best, we might hope for a time when His payment might be sufficient, but that is not yet. At worst, He might stay dead, and be no hope at all. On the other hand a living Jesus is a sure Saviour! His life proves that the death penalty so thoroughly deserved by our sins has been met in full and exhausted, so that death no longer has any dominion over Him. So on the day of Pentecost when Peter spoke of the resurrection, he was emphatic: Jesus rose from the dead because it was not possible that He should stay dead (Acts 2:24).

All of this has very real, and encouraging implications. In the gracious conjunction of the justice and mercy of God, Jesus is legally able to stand as a substitute for all who come to Him in true repentance and faith. If that should describe you, what happened to Him is reckoned as happening to you: He died, He rose, He overcame!

There are two aspects to this. The first is the one we often think of; at death we shall enter into the blessedness of eternal life (Jn 3:16, Rev 21:1-5). O resurrection Joy! But what about the here and now? For many who read this, beset with temptations, failure and struggle, that life can seem so distant as to be discouraging. Must we now seek death as the only escape, and in order to live? Thankfully No. The resurrection brings new life for us now, and what Paul wrote to the Colossians is also for us, “If then you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Set your minds on things that are above, not on things that are on earth. For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God” (Col. 3:1-3)

A new life IS possible! The resurrection of Jesus Christ proves that the death of Jesus breaks the power of sin and the devil over us and opens up a pathway to victory. We do not have to fail! Yes, it will be a struggle, but it will be one in which we can know victories. Paul continues, “Put to death therefore what is earthly in you… seeing that you have put off the old self with its practices and put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator.” (Col 3:5–10) The same Holy Spirit who led and sustained the Saviour is at work in us and for us (1 Cor 6:11; Heb 9:14)! He brings Christ to us. He transforms our minds and brings the strength we so desperately need but do not have in ourselves. Do not grieve the Spirit!

Spurgeon wrote, “If you have made any advance in the divine life it has been by the power of the gospel of Jesus Christ applied by the Holy Spirit. … recollect that you are always weak when you get away from the cross… Do not attempt to flog yourself into grace, … Go to the cross for motive and energy as to holiness.” The Cross has this power for you because both it and the tomb, are empty! Christ is Risen and Ascended.

Telling God that Life Hurts—without Whinging

[First published in the Congregational “Notes” for March, 2015]

The word “whinger” is not uniquely Australian, but it has come into the Australian vocabulary to describe someone who regularly complains or protests about things they don’t like, in an annoying or persistent manner. A whinger is usually self-centred and unable to look far beyond himself or herself, and focuses only on how annoyed they are when things don’t happen the way they want them to happen. In the whinger’s mind this is just not fair and someone, perhaps even God is at fault! Whingers often have few friends except perhaps other whingers but “no-one likes a whinger!” But before we get too smug, we have to admit that because we are all sinners with a sinner’s bias to self-centredness, we all have the potential to whinge!

So, what can we do when we find our circumstances in life are hard? Do we ever have warrant to complain? And if we do, how can we tell the difference between a legitimate desire for something better and a whinge? Can we blame God? Well, we must turn again to God’s word to see what He says. We shall find many examples! When God called Moses, he said that he had heard the cry of His people and seen their affliction and would deliver them (Exod 3:7-8). Their cry over many years was quite legitimate; the Egyptians were oppressing God’s chosen people and it hurt! He miraculous delivered them. But Israel soon forgot this and complained bitterly. They whinged. They protested a lack of food, no water and no “comforts” of Egypt. They even said they would rather reject God’s salvation and be slaves again, and all for the sake of some temporary comfort. How foolish! How ungrateful! Hunger and thirst may make us anxious but they should never make us doubt the goodness of God and His love. Not surprisingly, God was moved to anger in response to their ingratitude and lack of faith (Num 14). At other times they whinged when He chastised them for their sins but as Jeremiah wryly observed, there is little point in complaining against God when He punishes sin (Lam 3:39). It only makes the situation worse.

But we do find other complaints in Scripture. The Psalms have many serious cries to God pleading that life often hurts and is unfair.“ Lord, my enemies have increased,” (3:4). “I am weary with my sighing,” (6:6). “Lord why do you stand a far off?” (10:1). “Why have you forsaken me?” (22:1). “Everyone scoffs at us,” (44:13-14). “O God you have rejected us and made our life hard,” (60:1-3) … There are many, many more.

But at the same time as we read of these complaints in the Psalms, God is always (and quite rightly) worshiped and praised as the Sovereign over all things. And, it is only because God is Sovereign that it makes sense to tell Him—not because He does not already know but because ‘somehow’ in giving voice to our uncertainty and pain, it is the best way to show that we acknowledge Him as fully just and completely trust-worthy. These are not the cries of whingers but the legitimate pleas and prayers of those who know that although there might not be any immediate answers, telling God is the only way to begin making sense of our life. Indeed, not to cry out for relief would be to contradict all we know about Him, and all that He is as our Saviour.

Ultimately in this fallen world, only God knows the reason why things happen to us as they do. He knows that sin is destructive and depersonalizing and brings only hurt upon hurt. But He also knows that though the death of His Son, the greatest of unjust “hurts” in the universe, He has made the only provision for sin to be justly overcome, and forever. So, whatever we hurts may come our way, and however puzzling, there is still only one place to take them—to Jesus, not as a whinger, but a worshiper!

Habits, Rules and the Heart.

[first published in the monthly congregational “Notes” for February, 2015]

What makes someone a Christian? What must we “do” to be saved? Then, what must we “do” in order to prove that this is so? If we remember that summaries are just that, we may give a summary answer in this way: Jesus said, “You must be born again,” [John 3:3 ff] and “If you love me, keep my commandments,” [John 14:15] and “Love one another as I have loved you,” [John 13:34, et al]. All summaries can be expanded, but the point is clear: the Christian life does not spring from ourselves but from the grace of God in Jesus Christ who loved us and gave himself for us [1 John 2:1-3 and 4:10] and whom we then love in return. This is the context for all Christian obedience. There are commandments to direct and correct our way, but these are of no saving value for us. Rather, they point out to us how far short we still fall of God’s holiness and how essential it is to depend on Jesus’ obedience in our place even as we grow.

In Mark 7:1-23 Jesus had opportunity to expose this wrong thinking. It began simply enough: Jesus was accused of teaching his disciples to be irreligious by eating with unwashed hands. This was not a matter of public health but of great religious symbolism. The rules which had been built up over many centuries were not being followed! In the Pharisees’ minds, Jesus and his disciples were despising the true worship of God in everyday life. It is therefore easy to see why the Pharisees were so upset, but Jesus’ reaction shows that it was they who were mistaken and not his disciples.

God had required washing and sprinkling with water in the Old Testament when the people were to be specially reminded of his grace and the need for holy living. They had to wash before meeting him at Mt Sinai when he gave the 10 Commandments. Aaron and the priests were washed as part of their ordination, and many offerings were first washed with water. Similarly, both people and things were washed when leprosy and other skin diseases were healed. Because God appointed washing to be a reminder of God’s cleansing grace it was natural that over time, people thought it a good idea to do it more often and in more places. Perhaps it was innocent enough in some ways but it was a practice that God had not asked for, and whenever we add to God’s requirements [however well-intentioned] we start out on the road to moralism, religious pride, hypocrisy and idolatry, and the grace of God is pushed aside.

There is another danger. When the heart is focused on keeping rules as rules and not as a response to God or his grace, it is necessarily focused on one’s self and is blinded to true holiness. Jesus showed how true this is when he pointed out that those who were concerned for clean hands were simultaneously wickedly twisting their man-made rules for personal profit and ignoring the 5th Commandment [see Mk 7:9-13].

It is sometimes frustrating that it all seems so vague! We want precision and clarity! We want rules to keep and measure our progress! But while precision and clarity can be helpful, the great danger is that Christianity becomes little more than keeping a set of rules, and nothing of the heart. It happens—and more than we might like to admit.

It is easy to be critical of Pharisees, but let us all ask whether Jesus would say similar things to us here in the 21st century. Helpful religious habits may be good, but can become a burden or source of guilt when we forget what the habit is to assist and it becomes a law in itself. It is no sin to break a tradition! Sometimes there might be a fine line between what is helpful and what is not, but if we love Christ for love’s sake, and not duty, we shall be safe.

Praying for the Faith we need in 2015 [and at any time]

[first published in the monthly congregational Notes for January, 2015]

When the call of God came to Abraham [then called Abram], God asked him to leave behind all that he had and all that he might reasonably expect to achieve in life, and to follow Him, and Him only. Yes, God also promised to “exchange” these prospects for another place and another future, but there was a catch: Abraham did not know the details. In order to demonstrate his faith and obedience, Abraham had to leave without knowing where he was to go, or how, precisely he would receive what God promised to give him, or when these things would come into his life! Here was a great test. How would he explain this decision to his wife? or his father? What would his in-laws and his friends think? How could he hope to answer all their questions about this God who demanded absolute obedience and absolute commitment when He seemed to reveal so little in return? They lived in a world where the gods dealt in ‘physical’ rewards of fertility, crops, success, and prosperity and offered these things as payment in exchange for worship offered. How could they understand a God who was not bound by human values or actions, and whose greatest gifts included righteousness, holiness and peace? Surely his friends would think that his God was useless, and quite irrational and capricious to ask him to leave like that? Perhaps, but that was a “risk” he had to take; and so he went out …

When we read of Abraham we must admire his faith. Yes we know that there were times when he did not trust as He should have done, but unlike Israel in the desert, who wanted to go back to Egypt after just a few months of difficulties [Exod 16:3], he never asked God to send him back to his homeland. His break was total. Returning to the past was not an option, even when he seemed to have nothing to show for his faithfulness! When he sinned, his sins were serious, (all sin is) but he sinned as one committed to going forwards to all that God would show him.

Let us consider ourselves. By comparison we have a great advantage. We know what God meant when he promised to make Abraham a great nation and a blessing to the whole earth, and we know how it all eventually came to pass; not just through the promised son, Isaac, but through Jesus, the ultimate Son of Promise. We might think that because we have this knowledge, it will be easier for us to be obedient, to bear witness to God’s goodness, and to avoid the sins that our culture so enticingly encourages. But we know that it is not as simple as that; we have such trouble in letting go! Perhaps we will even conclude that Abraham had it easier than we do, because by leaving all, he also left behind all that might distract him and hinder his obedience. This is wrong thinking. Living by faith is never easy!

Abraham would be the first to tell us that the faith to follow God does not come from our own wisdom or knowledge. It God’s gift, grounded in His Son, Jesus Christ, so that He must also give that faith its strength. Abraham will remind us that God will not be hindered by what we consider impossible, or by any restrictions our age or social status might normally impose. God is sovereign! He would also tell us that whether we be called to leave our communities as he was, or to stay within them (as Jesus implied is the norm, Jn 17:15) we must pray daily for the grace of perseverance.

No-one else is worthy of your faith, and no other so-called god can lead where Jesus leads—eternal life! If your faith is in Him, follow Him boldly and securely! If it is not, pray earnestly that He will both call you to follow Him and stir your will to obey

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