Hawthorn Presbyterian Church

Reading the Old Testament to Learn of Jesus

[first published in the congregational Notes for July 2014.]

When we want to read of Jesus, we naturally think of turning to the New Testament and rightly so. It is there that we will read of his birth, his life, his miracles, and of course his death, resurrection ascension and promise of his return one day. There we read of the wonderful call to repent and follow him, the well known promise of John 3:16 that “whosoever believes in Him shall not perish but have everlasting life,” and Jesus’ personal application of that promise to the dying thief to show that whenever anyone calls upon him in repentance and faith we shall be heard. Then, as we read from Acts onwards, we continue the testimony of all that Jesus began to do and teach as the Holy Spirit continued the testimony of Jesus through the apostles, leading them in mission and prompting them to write.

It is not surprising then that as people have sought to make Jesus known through-out the world, their first attention has been to translate the New Testament into local languages. Similarly, much Christian instruction is dedicated to expounding the New Testament. All this is very good. However, we occasionally find some who go on to claim that the Old Testament will be of little value for the Church today as it is only the historical and prophetic support for the real message. All we need, they say, is a knowledge of Jesus, and a desire to love one another. What is our answer?

We know that despite all their personal knowledge of Jesus, the apostles did not dismiss the Old Testament. Yes, they understood that the Old Testament gave them valid historic and prophetic background, but they also knew that it was an integral part of their message. They had with their own ears heard Jesus say that the Old Testament must be fulfilled and after the resurrection they had the benefit of learning just what this meant [Lk 24:44-48]. Jesus had come in fulfillment of divine promise [Gen 3:15] and His coming could not be properly understood without knowing that promise. They knew that the “good news” they were commissioned to preach could not be understood apart from the backdrop of God’s holy law and its declaration that all have sinned and come short of the glory of God. They knew that this does not make sense without a doctrine of creation which gathered every-thing and all who live, under the sovereign rule and ownership of the Triune God.

They understood that the same Holy Spirit who was speaking through them as apostles, spoke authoritatively in olden times through the prophets [Eph 2: 20-22, 2 Pet 3:1-2, et al]. The message was the same, though the details were progressive. It was first of all a revelation of God and how He deals with people. He initiates, He makes covenant, He promises, He disciplines and rebukes, and He judges and He redeems. They understood that He did all this in time, though its purpose was, and ever is, eternal. Yes, some of the Old Testament was given as example, illustration and foreshadowing, which would pass with the coming of Jesus and his death and resurrection, but the message was fundamentally a single, harmonious one. They knew that the Old Testament was first of all not about people, but God.

So, when we read the Old Testament, we likewise should read it first of all to learn of the character of God. When we do, we shall quickly realise that not everything it records is described with approval! Israel (and we) must know that even the best “heroes” of the faith themselves need a Saviour, and such as only God can provide. This then is the message of the Old Testament and we will miss so much of the richness of the New and its testimony of the way God has shown His redeeming love in His only-begotten Son, if we willfully remain ignorant of its message.

Do You Look Where You are Going?

[First published in the Congregational Notes for June, 2014.]

The instructor’s first piece of advice to the new learner driver was simultaneously disarmingly simple and perceptively profound. “Remember, ‘Look where you are going!’ ” The point seems so obvious that our learner could have likely given that advice to others before even meeting the instructor! So what was the point?

Learner drivers are often troubled by the difficulty of preserving a smooth path for their vehicle. In one’s care to not keep so far to the left that one scrapes the kerb, it is all too easy to over-correct, and veer too far to the right! This in turn requires yet another swift correction to avoid oncoming traffic, which once again takes the car too far to the left—this time into space partially blocked by a parked car… !!! And so it goes down the street, with varying degrees of zig and zag snaking past cars, bins, unpredictable animals and other hazards on the one hand, and white or yellow lines and oncoming traffic and trams on the other. Suburban laneways with cars on either side are particularly problematic. Whereas an experienced driver may easily snake past all these, for the learner there is often little room to manoeuvre and excessive anxiety serves only to make the problem worse.

“Look where you are going.” The instructor’s advice referred to the simple fact that as a new driver practices looking ahead, there is an almost sub-conscious tendency for the arms and hands to coordinate with the eye and steer the car safely down the middle of the space ahead. The body learns to follow the eye. All that is needful is a considered awareness of the width of one’s own car, and a means of knowing just where the front of the vehicle is in relation to items on the road. Looking ahead in those circumstances [almost!] guarantees safe passage. There is in this a remarkable parallel to the Christian life. Consider for a moment.

”If you love me you will keep my commandments,” Jesus said, and so as Christians we dutifully set out to do so. But in a fallen world, there are many distractions, obstacles and potholes along life’s pathway. As we concentrate hard on avoiding one pitfall, we inadvertently veer off into an opposite, unseen error, only to lurch away somewhat shamefaced when we realize what we are doing. Our concern to “do the right thing next time” makes us increasingly anxious and the words “turn not to the right nor to the left” become an accusing refrain that seems only to make matters worse! Our best life soon seems to be a hopeless series of zig-zags and crashes from one set of crises or temptations or close scrapes, to another.

But then we remember that Jesus did not merely say “keep My commandments.” He also said “Follow Me.” He leads by going ahead, not by complaining from the rear. All at once we see that he wants us to “look where we are going” in life by fix-ing our eyes on Him. He is, after all, the Way, and His Way is perfect! As we look to Jesus, we are amazed at how well his path weaves in and around all those obstacles and worries that beforehand made us so stressed and anxious. As we keep our eye fixed on him, not just hands and arms but the whole of our life becomes more and more coordinated behind Him! The potholes are still there but He leads so perfectly that they soon do not trouble us as they did, and we learn to avoid new ones.

Dear reader, how do you navigate your life? Try as you might, without Jesus it will prove to be ultimately impossible! Yes, you may find what seems to be a smooth, easy way, but it leads ultimately to destruction! Yes, you may start out on a narrow way, but if He does not lead you in it, it will be impossible for you to traverse it to its end. If He does lead and you follow it will lead to eternal glory! So, Look & Live!

What Does it Cost to be a True Christian?

[The editorial published in the May edition of the monthly congregational “Notes” comes from the book Holiness written by J.C. Ryle.]

I grant freely that it costs little to be a mere outward Christian. A man has only got to attend a place of worship twice on Sunday, and to be tolerably moral during the week, and he has gone as far as thousands around him ever go in religion — All this is cheap and easy work: it entails no self-denial or self-sacrifice. If this is saving Christianity, and will take us to heaven when we die, we must alter the description of the way of life, and write, “Wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to heaven!” But it does cost something to be a real Christian, according to the standard of the Bible. There are enemies to be overcome, battles to be fought, sacrifices to be made, an Egypt to be forsaken, a wilderness to be [crosses], a cross to be carried, a race to be run. Conversion is not putting a man in an armchair and taking him easily to heaven. It is the beginning of a mighty conflict, in which it costs much to win the victory. Hence arises the unspeakable importance of “counting the cost.” …

1) It will cost him his self-righteousness. He must cast away all pride and high thoughts, and conceit of his own goodness. He must be content to go to heaven as a poor sinner saved only by free grace, and owing all to the merit and righteousness of another. He must be willing to give up all trust in his own morality, respectability, praying, Bible-reading, Church-going, and sacrament-receiving, and trust in nothing but Jesus Christ…

2) It will cost a man his sins. He must be willing to give up every habit and practice which is wrong in God’s sight. He must set his face against it, quarrel with it, break off from it, fight with it, crucify it, and labour to keep it under, whatever the world around him may say or think. He must do this honestly and fairly. There must be no… truce with any special sin which he loves. He must count all sins as his deadly enemies, and hate every false way. …

3) It will cost a man his love of ease. … He must daily watch and stand his guard, like a soldier on enemy’s ground. He must take heed to his behaviour every hour of the day, in every company, and in every place, in public as well as in private, among strangers as well as at home. He must be careful over his time, his tongue, his temper, his thoughts, his imaginations, his motives, his conduct in every relation of life. He must be diligent about his prayers, his Bible-reading, and his use of Sundays, with all their means of grace. … We secretly wish …we could be good by proxy, and have everything done for us. Anything that requires exertion and labour is entirely against the grain of our hearts. But the soul can have no gains without pains. …

4) It will cost a man the favour of the world. … He must count it no strange thing to be mocked, ridiculed, slandered, persecuted, and even hated. He must not be surprised to find his opinions and practices … despised and held up to scorn. He [will … be thought by many a fool, an enthusiast, and a fanatic, [&] have his words perverted and his actions misrepresented. In fact, he must not marvel if some call him mad. I dare say this also sounds hard. … We … wish to have the good opinion of our neighbours. It is always unpleasant to be spoken against, and forsaken, and lied about, and to stand alone. But …[t]he cup which our Master drank must be drunk by His disciples. They must be ‘despised and rejected of men’ (Isaiah 53:3)…

I grant it costs much to be a true Christian. But who…can doubt that it is worth any cost to have the soul saved? When the ship is in danger of sinking, the crew think nothing of casting overboard the precious cargo. When a limb is [dead], a man will submit to any severe operation, and even to amputation, to save life. … A religion that costs nothing is worth nothing! A cheap Christianity, without a cross, will prove in the end a useless Christianity, without a crown. …

Loving a Precise God

[First published in the congregational “Notes”, April 2014.]

It is said that the English Anglican Puritan, Richard Rogers, of Wethersfield was criticised by a respectable gentleman who objected, “I like you, and your company very well, Mr Rogers. My problem is that you are too precise.” In reply, Rogers, is quoted as saying, “Sir, I serve a precise God.” If Mr Rogers could somehow cross the centuries to our own, no doubt many would make the same complaint against him still. The sad thing is that we suspect that many who identify as Christians would agree with that complaint. We live in an age that prefers vagaries to truth.

Nothing has changed. God is still a precise God, and if we are at all concerned to hear Him, we must accept that we have to be precise in our hearing. After all, He has given us a book of words, not pictures, and contrary to the post-modern nonsense of some, those words are intended to convey things that are true, whether or not anyone believes them. We must therefore listen to what God says and accept it, and not look for ways to blur His meaning so that it becomes what we would prefer Him to have said, or, worse still, something which means the very opposite.

For example, He gives us a precise statement regarding the origin of the Universe: “In the beginning, Godand God said, … and it was so…and behold it was very good.” This does not and cannot mean that it all started by itself. Then too, the 10 Commandments are precise imperative statements, not just wise suggestions, and still less merely discussion starters to help us explore an ethical life.

As we come to the Easter season, with its reminder of the historical cross and empty tomb, we must not forget that God has given us a precise salvation. Paul summed it up very clearly: “Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures and that he was buried, and that He rose again on the third day according to the Scriptures. (1st Corinthians 15:3-4). This is a precise statement, which depends on earlier precise words (the Old Testament) and gives rise to other precise statements as the Holy Spirit, through the apostles, explained just what this meant and why. Who is this Christ who died? He is the eternal “Son of the Living God” (Matt 16:18), the Son in whom the Father is “well pleased” (Matt 3:17; 12:18, 17:5). But he is also, and at the same time, fully human (Gal 4:4; Heb 2:14, 17). What did his death effect? Not a vague possibility, but the actual payment for sin for a specific multitude. Who are they? All who repent of their sin and trust in Christ to be their substitute!

Why did the Father send His Son and why did the Son come? Because they loved—and loved in particular! (Eph 5:2; 2 Thess. 2:16; 1 John 4:10; Rev 1:5). You see, love is also precise. There is a simplistic notion that thinks that precision and the love of God are somehow incompatible. A moment’s reflection shows that of course this is nonsense. Love is always deliberate. Marriage is a very precise condition; one man and one woman enter into a very precise relationship “to the exclusion of all others” (as the old vows put it) so that human love can flourish. This is but one example and illustrates precisely how Christ loves the Church (Eph 5:25-26).

So when was this precise, saving, love determined? The apostles learned that just as Jesus was ordained from before the foundation of the world, (1 Pet 1:20) so also was the number and identity of those He came to save (Eph 1:4, Rev 13:8 & 17:8). The conclusion is inescapable. O Christian Reader, you have been loved from eternity, with a love designed for eternity! So how will you respond to such a deliberate love? Pray for grace to love deliberately in return! Jesus said, “If you love me, keep my commandments.” That’s a good place to begin.

A Life of Extraordinary Ordinariness

[first published in the congregational Notes for March, 2014.]

It was the great Baptist missionary, William Carey, who gave us the quote, “Expect great things from God. Attempt great things for God.” That motto undergirded his extraordinary achievements, the social effects of which are still being felt in Indian society today, even if much of his gospel emphasis has been lost. But what of the many other godly Christian men and women in Carey’s day? Were they guilty of avoiding the hard issues in their own lives? Did they “expect great thing from God?” Did they “attempt great things for God” by staying home and continuing to go about their ordinary daily lives? It is a fair question. Some are very quick to say, “No, they did not. They should have gone as well. They lacked faith and obedience.” Well, that might have been true of some, but we cannot say it of all.

It seems to me that there is often a great pressure on Christians these days to do “great things for God.” Perhaps you too have felt that pressure, and are wondering what it really is that you should do for God so that HE would count it as great service? All that you have seems so small and insignificant! But we must be careful in our definition of “great things” and we need to be instructed by God, and not by the world or by our own pride-prone hearts. So consider for a moment the gospel greatness that you already have. Listen to the great list in the book of Ephesians.

You already have every spiritual blessing in Christ. You already have obtained the promise of an inheritance to the praise of His glory, and your life is marked by the particular love of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit in beautiful, regenerating harmony. That, by definition, is extra-ordinary! You have a new perspective on eternal things. You are blessed to be the focus of the prayers of others. You have been lovingly and willingly gathered into the membership of His Church, a body that transcends nationality, language, culture and time. [see chapters 1-3]

So what now? Surely there could be no greater set of blessings that all this! Nothing could prepare us more for achieving “great things!” But what instructions are given in chapters 4 to 6? What “great things” does the Lord Jesus ask of all Christians?

The list is extraordinary in its ordinariness! The Christian life is to prioritize living with one another in humility and patience, letting love for the other govern actions and more importantly, reactions. It must love truth, and resist false teaching and all forms of ungodly speech. It seeks honest work and opportunities for generosity. It is marked by contentment. It says no to sexual immorality and seeks to encourage one another in love and in godly callings, recognizing that while all are called to the same goal of Christian maturity, not everyone is called to the same areas of service. It exalts marriage and all honourable human relationships, and seeks to pass on the same understanding of grace and blessing to the generations rising up under it. It looks only to God for its defence and vindication, even in extreme temptation.

Surely these are ‘great things’. But someone will say, “What about mission or great social programs that will last for generations?” Yes, you must always be obedient to the callings God clearly places before you wherever they might be, but it is one of Satan’s lies that your regular Christian life at the office water-cooler or the lounge-room at home is somehow less than extra-ordinary and therefore nothing special. Remember, an obedient, faithful, Christian life is extra-ordinary wherever it is lived! God’s ordinary way of working is to show His strength through human weakness. Those who stayed behind and prayed and gave partnered with Carey in what he did. They also expected great things, but the success was all of God! Extraordinary!

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