Hawthorn Presbyterian Church

Government and the Gospel

[first published in the monthly congregational “Notes” for September, 2015]

We live in days when it is all too common for us to look to “more government” as the solution to our problems. “The government should do …” and all will be well! Is more government the Christian’s hope? Think through this with me for a while.

We have been conditioned for may years to see civil government as the solution to all our problems. It collects our taxes, administers our schools and universities, regulates our employment and trade, and provides social services such as police, fire and health. It legislates for our superannuation, sets the pension age and sometimes even taxes what remains when we die! In return we are promised peace, security and a comfort level which is the envy of much of the rest of the world and (allegedly) the freedom to be ourselves. What more could we have? More government of course!! Sporting or recreational associations all have rules and conventions which govern how we are to behave and how others expect us to behave. Bodies corporate or landlords govern how tenants live, and Churches and families have government too. Elders are charged by God with special responsibilities; husband and wife submit to one another in their separate spheres, and together Mum and Dad rule in the home as servant-leaders and are to be honoured for it. So the whole of life involves the issue of “government.” In every case, when government breaks down some sort of anarchy or tyranny takes its place and this in turn leads to other serious personal and social problems and often death. For some, more government is the only answer!

The most important sphere of government is “self-government”. What rules will we follow within ourselves, especially when no-one is around to tell us what to do? Self-government lies at the heart of all other forms of government, for unless we govern ourselves well we will not govern others well nor will we willingly be governed by others for the common good. Selfishness (the un-governed self) will be unrestrained, social cohesion will fail and culture will degenerate. For some, a bigger more intrusive, coercive civil government is still the only answer! But is it? No! The answer is moral!

God alone is perfectly self-Governing so only He can govern perfectly. Within Himself the three Persons are perfectly relational and yet always infinitely good, just, loving, and holy. He rules all Creation righteously, consistently and never as a tyrant. He has also decreed that mankind will find all that is needed for human government in Him. Sadly, Adam and Eve failed the simple self-government test in Eden, “Will obey your God always?” so that now true self-government is impossible for humanity.

In His common kindness, God often restrains the results of human sin so that anarchy or tyranny do not thrive as they might. We are thankful for that, but He is not bound to keep doing so, especially if we increasingly reject His morality from our national public space. Stronger civil government will not help us; the solution is not political. According to Paul (Rom 1:18ff ), if we will not acknowledge God’s rule we will be left to govern ourselves as punishment. This will bring even more social disintegration.

Our prayer must be that our land will repent of its sinful, selfish, rebellion and turn to Christ before this surrender to godlessness goes too far. A large, intrusive, intolerant government will only make matters worse. In the meantime we must pray for strength and courage so that we and our children will be able to stand firm for righteousness even when it hurts. That will show the power of the gospel to produce godly “self-government” that is a blessing to any nation.

Loving the God Who Guarantees Good

[first published in the monthly congregational “Notes” for August 2015]

In Romans 8 the apostle Paul expands on the wonderful privileges that come to those who are “in Christ”. They shall not be condemned even though they deserve it, for God Himself has done all that is needed to satisfy the demands of His own justice. God wonderfully gives life to those who otherwise deserve death, and He effects this wonderful transformation by the secret working of the Holy Spirit who indwells, transforms, sets free and then assists. These privileges are forever, and change the way we see both the present and the future. So as we come to verse 28 we read these words: “And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.” These few words encapsulate a truth that stretches our minds at the same time as it calms our fears and prompts a spirit of worship. This is no mere wish or hope that in the end there will be more good than bad, but a solemn and wonderful assurance that the majestic wisdom and power of God embraces all things, not just those things which we might see as good or helpful.

With our limited minds we struggle to work out how this can possibly be true and in our struggle we sometimes misread the verse. We protest, “Surely some things are not good! Surely it was not good that David should commit adultery and murder as he pursued Bathsheba!” Of course these things were not good, and many, many other things in this fallen world are not good either, even things in the Church! But in every case God’s response is to assure us that all things, even those that seem utterly devoid of any explanation at the time, work together in such a way that eventually, God will produce Good in ways that otherwise He would not have done. Of course, His Good includes His judgment as well as His grace and mercy, so sin is never excused even when Good eventuates. Yes, this is high doctrine, but as supreme proof the apostle Peter turned to the Cross, declaring simultaneously that Christ’s death was the result of godless men doing godless things, but all within the embrace of a predetermined purpose, known and decreed from eternity past. [Acts 2:22-24]

This verse tells us a good deal about the character of God. A God who knows the end from the beginning, and how best to achieve that end through all the complexities of the universe must be all knowing, not just in each moment but at all times and for all time. He must also possess all power and authority to ensure that His will is done in every place and to assure every decreed consequence and outcome. Finally He must be Good and Just in Himself absolutely, so as to guarantee that each appointed end will eventually and deliberately result only in Good. A God like that should be loved, listened to and obeyed!

But, dear reader, not everyone will see this Good. Will you? You will never love such a God until you hear and respond to His call to turn away from yourself and your sin to Him and to embrace His beloved Son. Even then you may often be unable straight away to see anything good in the circumstances which surround you but you are still called to love the One who has led you into these circumstances. Love Him in faith because to love Him is to love the One who is always Good! And as you love Him you find that such a love is actually self-perpetuating—you begin to see more of His ways, which makes you love Him all the more! And as you love, you will begin to understand something of what the apostle John meant when he said, “Perfect love casts out fear.”

When People Disagree on Mission [and maybe More]

[first published in the monthly congregational “Notes” for July, 2015]

The New Testament metaphors for the Church highlight the fact that the Church has both individual and collective aspects. The Church is at once a collection of individual sheep, stones and body parts, as well as a flock, a complete house, and a body. As Paul illustrates so well, an eye is not a foot, and neither is an ear, yet all are integral parts of the body. Christ has one flock through all history, yet there are many “little flocks” scattered throughout the world. There is one Church Universal body, and yet surely each congregation functions as a body as well as it can. There is simultaneously a One-ness and Many-ness to the Church that always needs balance. Unity does not swamp individuality and individuality does not trump unity. But what happens when that balance seems to fail in something as basic as our vision for the Church or of mission?

In Acts 15:36-41 the two great stalwarts of the early Church’s mission outreach, Paul and Barnabas could not agree on who should accompany them on their second trip. Barnabas, that great encourager [Acts 4:36] who himself had been instrumental in mentoring Paul after his conversion [9:27] and who had arranged Paul’s first ministry appointment [11:25-26] wanted to take with them his nephew, John Mark, but Paul disagreed. Remembering how Mark had crumbled under the rigors of their first trip he did not want to risk giving Mark a second failure. Who was right? Should Mark go or not? Yes, or No? Simple! But, great and godly as Paul and Barnabas were, they were unable to come to a resolution. Barnabas kept wanting Mark, and Paul kept insisting that Mark not go! There was such a sharp disagreement [a paroxysm of opinions] that the working partnership of some years was broken! [15:39]

It is tempting from wisdom of some 1965 years to draw pious conclusions as to who was right and who as wrong, or how the disagreement ought to have been settled. But that is not what the Holy Spirit has given us, and we must not be wiser than He. For every bit of “evidence” that affirms Paul, we may find another to support Barnabas. No doubt both parties prayed fervently seeking God’s will but no answer came. No doubt both appealed to Christian love and wisdom and wrestled with the theology of the Church yet neither was able to convince the other. No doubt each was grieved at the intransigence of the other. No doubt some sided with Barnabas and some with Paul and some probably looked for a middle way! Perhaps some wanted to make a “doctrinal” issue out of it, but in the end Barnabas and Mark went to Cyprus where the first mission had begun and where Mark had been useful [13:5] and Paul and Silas commenced at the point where Mark had departed. “Surely someone must be right??” Perhaps this the wrong question to ask lest we use the answer for self-justification!!

We are given no answer other than that the end was a nett doubling of mission effort! We do not read that either disparaged the other, prayed publicly that the other change their mind, or lobbied the Church to take sides. The work just went on and God owned it; One-ness and Many-ness triumphed. The Church as a whole did not split and many more churches were blessed. Years later Paul expressed high regard for Mark and a deep desire that he come and assist him [2 Tim 4:11]. What changed his mind? Had he written to Mark to encourage him? God does not tell us! God does tell us that throughout it all, Paul upheld Barnabas as worthy of mission giving[1 Cor 9:6].

Christian mission is vital but clearly it is not important that everyone does it “my” way. Sometimes, we might have to quietly move on and leave other things to the Lord.

When Persistence Must be Resisted

First published in the monthly congregational “Notes” , June 2015.

We have probably all been conditioned to think that persistence is generally a good thing. “If at first you don’t succeed, try, try and try again” the saying goes. Experience tells us that much can be gained by doggedly continuing despite initial setbacks. If our parents or teachers had allowed us to give up each time we tearfully complained “It’s too hard,” we would each one have been the poorer. Thankfully those older and wiser pushed us forwards. They persisted so that we might learn the value of persistence, even if in our immaturity we were convinced that a different course of action was warranted. Jesus even told a parable to encourage persistence in prayer, [Lk 18:1-8] though his illustration was more by means of establishing a contrast than by teaching directly. In his story, a persistent widow gets a decision in her favour, simply because she persists. She did not get judgment because the judge agreed with her cause but merely because he was getting tired out by her persistence. Of course Jesus did not intend to teach that a reluctant God is “won over” by our persistence; the story has resonance because we know how easy it can be for us to give way when faced with a constant barrage of demand upon demand. Many a child has learned that noisy persistence will eventually win the lolly from an exasperated mother!

Persistence, of course is only good when the thing persisted in is good. There is no value in persisting in a wrong. Merely alleging a point of view ad nauseam does not make it correct however many times it is repeated. Such persistence must be resisted as simplistic, or if deliberate and informed, even deceitful.

We are seeing something like this in our own day with the persistence of the “same-sex-marriage” lobby. Not content with previous failed attempts to gain approval, we face push after push, aided and abetted by a generally sympathetic media, for the law to change. Again and again, all manner of arguments are presented, all previously rebutted (and many highly emotional or irrelevant) as if somehow mere repetition should automatically lead to winning the cause. Sadly, in some nations this process of “victory by weariness” has already succeeded and if Australia’s parliament does change its legal definition of marriage to incorporate same-sex couples, it will most likely not be because our legislators have been won over by careful reasoning, but because they have simply given way to the pressure exerted by a very noisy minority who have succeeded in reducing the issue to glib sound bites and slogans.

As this minority well knows, rebutting simplistic slogans requires much more than shouting out a counter slogan. The presuppositions behind the slogan have to be set out and shown to be either false or misleading, and this can require hard work, time and intellectual rigor a listener is unwilling to give or does not have. The claim, “people who love each other should be allowed to marry” can seem fair enough at a simplistic level but answering it requires addressing a lot of separate issues and definitions, and highlighting consequences.. When this happens in a culture conditioned to want quick responses and not used to wrestling with hard issues, the force of a reply is often lost, so that the proponents of “same sex marriage” often gain some credibility.

Slogans and catch phrases usually exist when arguments are weak or non-existent and taking a stand against them is often wearying because slogans built on false premises cannot always be rebutted by arguments—they are often matters of the will and no amount of persuasion can suffice until Christ sets the will free. Resist then, but know why, and pray also that Christ set the sloganeer free.

“Do Not Sin Against the Child”

First published in the monthly congregational “Notes” , May 2015.

In 1877, Charles Spurgeon used the account of Joseph and his brothers as the basis for an address to his Sunday School teachers. Using Reuben’s words in Gen 42:22, “Did I not say, ‘Do not Sin Against the child’?” Spurgeon expanded the words and sought to illustrate how such sin might happen in other situations. His gospel focus is equally relevant for all of us in our day, and not just for Sunday School teachers! What follows is a précis of his address. The full text is available on request.

I speak to every parent, elder brother or sister, schoolmaster, employer, man and woman, whether they have families or not, “Do not sin against the child whether your own child, or anybody’s child, nor against the poor waif of the street whom they call “nobody’s child.” According to the story of Joseph, there are three ways of sinning against the child. The first is described by the brothers’ initial thought to kill Joseph. We may not kill physically, but there is such a thing as “Spiritual” killing.” Do not train him in dishonesty, lying, vice or drunkenness. No one does so deliberately, but many sons are ruined by the bad example of their fathers. The same evil may be committed by indoctrinating children with evil teaching.

There is a second way of sinning against the child. Ruben wanted to leave Joseph in the pit and then go back later to rescue him. This is like the common notion that leaves children alone and unconverted, thinking that it would be better to rescue them later by seeking their conversion when they are adults This should never be charged against us. Our great aim must be that our children are brought to Christ, and parents should seek this with all their hearts! “Why leave your Joseph in the pit?” Those who brought their children into this world of punishment should not be content to leave them there.

The third way of sinning against the child is to sell him to the “Midianite traders” of this world. A good schooling is no reason to give up on Sunday School or parental instruction. Excellence in geography will not get anyone to heaven, and arithmetic cannot remove their many sins. Instead, the more our children learn, the more they will need to learn of the fear of the Lord! We must not sell our children to worldly interests by encouraging them to care more about employment, reputation or the prospect of a good marriage than godliness.

Sometimes a child is sinned against by being disliked. The excuse for undue harshness and severity is, “He is such a strange child!” Do not put down what heavenly thoughts God may be putting in the soul. If they grow up to be distinguished servants of the Lord, your conscience will prick you, when you see what God has done in spite of your neglect. On the other hand, if your child should become an Absalom through your poor example or neglect, it will he a horrible thing to cry, “I slew my child! and when I did it, I knew better, but I disregarded the voice which said to me, ‘Do not sin against the child.’” Others are sinned against by excessive praise which leads only to conceit and vanity. Spoiled children are like spoiled fruit: the less we see of them the better! Do not water your young plants either with vinegar or with syrup. Do not rebuke too much or too little. Seek wisdom of the Lord, and keep the middle of the way.

Do not pick up every little thing against a good child, and throw it at back at them with the accusation “You would not do this if you were a Christian!” I am sure that you who are heads of families still do wrong yourselves, and if your father in heaven were to be as severe with you as you are with the sincere little ones when you are in a bad mood, I am afraid it would go, very hard with you. Be gentle, and kind, and tender, and loving….

This is surely wise counsel. May God give us grace to be worthy of our children.

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